Weeks before the Soviet Union dissolved in December 1991, Tamara Moskvina, the world’s most renowned coach of pairs figure skating, met with American reporters at a competition in Albertville, France, where the 1992 Winter Olympics would soon be held.
At least the inquisitors purported to be reporters. Moskvina noticed that all of their credentials referred to the same news organization, USA Today. The passes had been produced in error, but such blandly uniform identification brought joking suspicion that Moskvina was talking to spies, not sportswriters.
“C.I.A.?” she asked.
Now 80, Moskvina is seeking to coach her fifth pair of Olympic gold medalists, across five decades, at the Beijing Games with her mischievous humor and embrace of innovation.
Decades ago, she became an early proponent of sports psychology. She also brought in choreographers from the Mariinsky Ballet to help refine the lyrical style of skating developed in her hometown, St. Petersburg, Russia, and enrolled her pairs in acrobatics classes.
If the latest training equipment was unavailable during the Soviet era, Moskvina, who has a Ph.D. in educational science, improvised her own. Her skaters mimicked altitude training by running while wearing snorkels to restrict their breathing, seeking to increase their oxygen-carrying capacity for exhausting, four-minute routines, far longer than the average 45-second shift in hockey.
Perhaps Moskvina’s greatest strength has been her adaptability to desperate and traumatic change. She survived the Nazi siege of Leningrad, now St. Petersburg, during World War II. And she withstood the collapse of the Soviet Union, when many rinks converted into shopping malls and automobile dealerships amid economic chaos.
She has also maintained her professional reputation nearly two decades after an alleged fix by a Russian mobster of pairs skating and ice dancing at the 2002 Salt Lake City Games. Moskvina’s pair of Elena Berezhnaya and Anton Sikharulidze won narrowly over the Canadians Jamie Salé and David Pelletier in a disputed outcome. Eventually, gold medals were awarded to both pairs. Moskvina was not implicated in the scandal and has long denied any involvement.
In a documentary now airing on Peacock, the NBC streaming service, a former Canadian skater and a Canadian journalist insinuated, without evidence, that Moskvina must have known about any fix because she is such an operator in the sport. But Sally-Anne Stapleford, who was a powerful international skating official at the time, called Moskvina a person of the “highest integrity” in the documentary, saying, “I’ve never known her to be involved in any deals or corruption.”
In a video interview from St. Petersburg, Moskvina said she was not bothered by the incident.
“Our skaters became very famous, Tamara became very famous,” she said.
Moskvina has arrived in Beijing with two pairs capable of winning medals, including Anastasia Mishina and Aleksandr Galliamov, who were third after Friday’s short program. A victory would mark the 14th time that a Soviet or Russian pair has won gold in the 16 Winter Olympics held since 1964.
“Regardless of Tamara’s age, she is still full of energy and new crazy ideas,” said Oleg Vasiliev, whom Moskvina coached to her first Olympic pairs gold medal in 1984.
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Even as an octogenarian, Moskvina still skates. Until the coronavirus pandemic, she regularly performed a pairs maneuver with Bruno Marcotte, a top Canadian coach, when they met at competitions. Taking the ice, he would lift her above his head.
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“I think it was her way to stay young and hip,” Marcotte said, “and to show her kids, ‘Don’t get fooled by my age, I’m still stronger than you are.’”
It is a strength beyond muscles, one forged from despairing survival.
Four days before Moskvina was born on June 26, 1941, Germany attacked the Soviet Union. Quickly, the Nazis blockaded Leningrad in a siege that lasted nearly 900 days. By some estimates, more than a million people died. Frozen bodies lay on sidewalks. The starving ate cats, dogs, sawdust and wood glue. The most hopeless resorted to cannibalism, slicing buttocks off the dead.
Moskvina was evacuated to a village in the Urals where her mother’s family lived. Rationed food was limited to 100 grams of bread per day, Moskvina said, the equivalent of 265 calories. The food deficiency is evident today in her height, 4 feet 10 inches. Once, she said, she discovered her cousin’s supply of bread and, so hungry, “I stole it.”
Her family returned to Leningrad in 1948, and several years later, Moskvina began skating at age 10. Wearing hockey-style skates but lacking skate guards, she walked on her toes, or skimmed across compressed snow, for about a half mile to the rink, where she remained for an hour or two or three, warming herself in a hut with wood tossed into a stove.
She became a five-time Soviet singles champion and then, on the advice of her coach, Igor Moskvin, whom she married, Moskvina became a pairs skater. She teamed with Alexei Mishin to finish fifth at the 1968 Olympics and second at the 1969 world championships. They became, Mishin said, perhaps the first pair in which the man lifted his partner aloft with one hand. These were remarkable achievements, considering that they trained at times on a makeshift rink inside a church. Like many churches after the Russian Revolution, it had been closed and converted into a warehouse.
The ice sheet measured only 15 meters by 15 meters, or about 49 feet by 49 feet. It was so tiny, said Mishin, who has since coached three Russian men to individual Olympic gold medals, that he and Moskvina would sometimes begin a maneuver on skates in a wooden corridor “and run to the ice to do the lift.”
As Moskvina began her coaching career during the Soviet era, some of her former skaters said, she used training tactics that were innovative but sometimes harsh. She helped build confidence and consistency by having skaters sometimes perform their routines without warming up, and helped hone their concentration by training them to ignore insults that she would hurl at them like: “You can’t do this. You will fall.”
At times, skaters said, she jabbed them with a pin on the ice if their legs were not kept high enough, their backs not arched just so, a tactic that would be considered abusive today.
“Here you would be in jail,” laughed Irina Vorobieva, whom Moskvina coached to a pairs gold medal at the 1981 world championships and who is a longtime coach in Colorado Springs. “But she wasn’t trying to hurt us, just to pinch us to let us know we have to work better.”
Moskvina also had a playful side, Vorobieva said, such as making her train with cotton balls under her arms so that her sweat could be analyzed by doctors, only to admit later that it was a joke.
Her coaching style has been a marriage of balletic elements with her own inventive lifts and spins, all aimed to elicit emotion from the audience. Her skaters have performed to Rachmaninoff and to music from a “Rambo” movie. Their routines have been romantic and elegant but also have been filigreed with power and drama, embroidered with passion and latticed with the whimsy of a Charlie Chaplin impersonation.
“Tamara always wanted a standing ovation,” said Natalia Mishkutenok, who won an Olympic pairs gold medal in 1992 and a silver in 1994, when the Winter Olympics were first separated from the Summer Games.
Mishkutenok skated with Moskvina’s greatest champion, Artur Dmitriev, who had the build of a linebacker and the grace of a ballet dancer and who, in 1998, became the first man to win a gold medal with different partners. (His partner in 1998, Oksana Kazakova, sometimes grew excitable. So at the Olympic rink in Nagano, Japan, Moskvina placed a small, framed photograph of Kazakova’s husband along the boards to calm her.)
Ahead of the 2002 Olympics, Moskvina moved her training group for four years to Hackensack, N.J. As many as 100 top coaches and skaters left Russia during the 1990s amid unstable financial times after the fall of the Soviet Union. The situation became so tumultuous, Mishkutenok said, that Zamboni drivers sometimes traded fuel for vodka and would not resurface the rink ice.
But Moskvina has long returned to St. Petersburg, where a skating school is named in her honor. And, using a proverb, she has long accepted that political and cultural factors bring subjective influence to judging, saying, “Some prefer the priest, others prefer the priest’s wife and others prefer the priest’s daughter.”
Gold medal or not, some speculate that these will be Moskvina’s final Olympics, a notion she considers premature. She is not 80 years old, she said with a laugh, but rather “20 years before the first 100.”
By: Jeré Longman
Title: At 80, Tamara Moskvina Is Still Going for the Standing Ovation
Sourced From: www.nytimes.com/2022/02/18/sports/olympics/tamara-moskvina-coach-pairs-figure-skating.html
Published Date: Fri, 18 Feb 2022 15:16:16 +0000
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